Table of Contents
Guy Montag, a futuristic American fireman, burns books. Montag’s world is one where firemen light fires instead of putting them out. This society doesn’t encourage reading, enjoying nature, thinking independently, or meaningful conversations. They drive fast, listen to excessive amounts of radio on their “Seashell Radio”, and watch a lot of TV on large screens.
Montag meets a sweet seventeen-year-old girl called Clarisse Mclellan. She opens his eyes to the emptyness of his life through her innocently perceptive questions and her unorthodox love for people and nature. Montag is subject to a series of shocking events over the next few days. His wife, Mildred attempts suicide by taking a pill. When he hears that an elderly woman had hidden literature in her home, he is shocked and decides to burn the books. He learns that Clarisse was killed in a car accident a few days later. Montag begins to feel unhappy with his life and starts looking for answers in a stash he stole from his fires and kept inside an air-conditioning vent.
Beatty, Montag’s fire chief, visits Montag when Montag doesn’t show up to work. Beatty says that it is normal for firemen to wonder what books are like. He then goes on a dizzying monologue about how the ban was made. Beatty claims that books that offend special-interest groups or other minorities were opposed by these groups. Books began to look alike as authors tried to avoid offending anyone. However, this was not enough and society decided to burn all books instead of allowing conflicting opinions. Montag is instructed by Beatty to spend twenty-four hours looking through his stolen books to determine if they contain any valuable information. Then, turn them in to be incinerated. Montag starts a long, frantic night of reading.
Montag is overwhelmed by the task of reading and looks to his wife to support him. However, she prefers TV to her husband’s company so it is difficult for her to understand why Montag would choose to read books. He recalls meeting Faber, an old English professor who sat in a park. This man helped him to understand the books he was reading. Faber tells him that books are valuable because they give you a detailed understanding of the world. Faber tells Montag that Montag requires not only books, but also the time to read them and the freedom of action.
Faber agrees that Montag can help him with his reading. Together they devise a risky plan to overthrow this status quo. Faber will contact a printer to begin printing books. Montag will plant books inside the homes of firefighters to discredit the profession, and to end censorship. Faber provides Montag with a radio earpiece, the “green bullet”, so that he can secretly hear Montag’s voice and communicate with him.
Montag returns home and soon, two of his wives’ friends are there to watch TV. They discuss their families and the war they are about to declare in a very frivolous way. He is annoyed by their superficiality and pulls out a book full of poetry to read “Dover Beach” from Matthew Arnold. Faber screams in his ears for Mildred to calm him down. Mildred attempts to explain to Faber that poetry reading is a way for firemen demonstrate the futility of literature. Montag is extremely disturbed by the poem, so the women file a complaint against him.
Montag takes one of his books to Beatty and goes to the fire department. Beatty confuses Montag with contradictory quotes from great books. These contradictions are used by Beatty to prove that literature is dangerously complex and morbid, and should be incinerated. They hear the alarm sound suddenly and rush to answer it. But they find out that the alarm was at Montag’s house. Montag discovers that Mildred has been betrayed by his wife when Mildred jumps in a taxi with her suitcase.
Beatty orders Montag to set fire to the house; Beatty then places him under arrest. Montag continues to berate Beatty and turns the flamethrower against his superior, before burning him to ashes. Montag runs and knocks out the other firemen. The Mechanical Hound is a monstrous beast that Beatty has created to attack Montag. It pounces on Montag and injects him with a lot of anesthetic. Montag is able to defeat it using his flamethrower. He then walks away from the pain and carries some books that he had hidden in his yard. These books are hidden in another fireman’s home, and he calls a payphone to report the alarm.
Montag visits Faber’s home and learns that Faber has a new Hound on his trail. He also has several helicopters, and a TV crew. Faber informs Montag that he will be leaving for St. Louis in order to visit a retired printer who might be able help them. Montag offers Faber money and tells Montag how to get rid of Montag’s smell from his home so that the Hound doesn’t enter it. Montag takes Faber’s clothes and runs toward the river. The entire city watches the chase on TV. Montag escapes in the river and changes into Faber’s clothes to mask his scent.
He follows abandoned railroad tracks downstream to find a group called “the Book People”, a group led by Granger who is welcoming him. They are part of a national network of book lovers that have memorized great works of philosophy and literature. They hope to be of assistance to humanity in the wake of the recent war. Montag’s job is to learn the Book of Ecclesiastes. Enemy planes fly in the sky, and bomb the city with their bombs. Montag and his friends continue to search for survivors, rebuilding civilization.
It is interesting to note that the impetus for the characters, and the situation of Fahrenheit 451dates earlier than “The Fireman.” As Bradbury points out in his introduction to Pillar of Fire (Bantam 1975), they first appeared in the years immediately after World War II.
This story [“Pillar Of Fire,” Planet Stories Summer 1948] features this character. . . Now I can see that these were rehearsals for my film and novel Fahrenheit 451. If Montag is a burner of books who wakens to reading and becomes obsessed with saving mind-as-printed-upon-matter, then Lantry [protagonist of “Pillar of Fire”] is the books themselves, he is the thing to be saved. He and Montag would have met in an ideal world and set up shop together.
By Bradbury’s own admission, the thematic obsession that explicitly emerges in Fahrenheit 451 is the burning of books, the destruction of mind-as-printed-upon-matter. Bradbury doesn’t use the term “censorship” in his novel, but it is important to remember that he is very concerned about censorship. Book burning is an exaggerated term that refers to the suppression of writing. But the real problem in the novel is censorship.
When “Pillar Of Fire” is carefully read, it becomes clear that not all books are at danger in the future dystopia. This world, where people live dehumanized and fearful lives, but only certain genres of books. This is not the case in Fahrenheit 451, where all books are being burned by “firemen”. This novel could be seen as an extension of tensions from the earlier story.
Despite the many explorations in Fahrenheit 451, book burning or censorship remains the central issue of the novel. It is also the most difficult topic to deal with. Book burning is synonymous with irrationality during the 20th century. The birth of Fahrenheit 451 is a contagious phenomenon. Book burning became synonymous with anti-intellectualism and science fiction in the 1950s. This was as clear in Walter M. Miller’s A Canticle to Leibowitz (Lippincott 1959). Fahrenheit 451 was born during a period when there was a lot of interest in “an authoritarian society”, as Brian W. Aldiss describes it. This roughly corresponds with the years 1945-1953.
Evelyn Waugh’s Love Among the Ruins (1953); B.F. Skinner’s Walden Two (1948); Kurt Vonnegut’s Player Piano (1952); Kurt Vonnegut’s Walden Two (1948); C.M. Kornbluth’s Space Merchants (1953). In the postwar period, many films and novels were made about the possibility of nuclear holocaust. Montag’s world is dominated by these films and novels.
The McCarthy period is the postwar political climate marked by censorship, blacklisting and xenophobia. This is also when the novel appeared. For example, in June 1949, John S. Wood, a Representative from the United States, asked seventy colleges to submit textbooks for review and approval by his Un-American Activities Committee. Bradbury ( Nation May 2, 1953), in an article about science fiction and social criticism, suggested that Senator McCarthy exhaled a faint smell of kerosene “when the wind’s right”.
The historical context in which many of the themes explored in the novel can’t be separated is crucial for understanding the nature of many of them. However, this does not mean that they are irrelevant or no longer timely. The novel was a popular choice for readers during the 1980s, when libraries and schools were repressed. The novel was printed six times in its initial twelve years (1953-1965), but it saw twenty printings over the next five years (1966-1971), and is still in print today.
Bradbury uses the Fahrenheit 451 issue of censorship to tie personal freedom and the right of an individual to freedom of expression. The First Amendment to United States Constitution says:
Congress may not pass any law that would allow the establishment or prohibition of religion; or restrict the freedom speech or press; or limit the peaceful assembly rights of the people and their right to petition the government to address grievances.
Common reading of the First Amendment states that free speech does not mean that you will accept only those expressions that are noncontroversial and have broad approval. Acceptance of the First Amendment commitment means, in Justice Holmes’ words, “freedom from what we hate.” According to Students’ Right to Read (NCTE 1982), “Censorship leaves students without a clear and accurate picture of the ideals and values and problems of their culture.” Sometimes writers are the spokespersons for their culture. Other times, they might be able to evaluate and describe it. Many writers are not represented in public schools due to censorship or fear of censorship. Anthologies do not include their best work, but rather their most offensive or safest work. What are the issues in censorship?
Imagine a group wanting to ban Fahrenheit 451 Montag for defying authority. Let’s say you want to “ban” Fahrenheit 451 from the library shelves. You must first do several things. First, you need to establish why defying authority would be wrong. What are the consequences of this behavior? What will it mean for youth who are prone to disregarding authority?
To understand how you can argue this position, you might want to read Plato’s Apology. You must also have some understanding of psychology theory, whether it is implied or explicitly stated. This means that you need to show how Fahrenheit 4451 could inspire a student not to respect authority. What makes reading bad for students? It can be so bad. Next, determine how a student reading Fahrenheit 451 will read it. Then extract a message from the book that states “Defy Authority Whenever Possible” and then act.
Guy Montag The protagonist is a unhappy, complacent, thirty-year-old man. He is a fireman since he was ten years old. Clarisse is a woman he meets who has a refreshing outlook on life.
Mildred Montag, (Millie), Guy’s self-destructive, thirty-year-old wife who exposes to Montag the alienated existence citizens in his society. She doesn’t want children and views her family as television characters.
Clarisse McLellanMontag’s seventeen-year-old neighbor who is a bit crazy but loves to have conversations. Montag is able to see how confused he has become by her nonconformity and recalcitrance.
Captain Beatty Montag’s antagonist and superior, the Fire Captain. He acts as Montag’s advocate for the dystopian culture. He is a well-read man who uses his knowledge of books to combat curiosity.
Mechanical Dog This machine is similar to a trained killer canine that firefighters use to capture and track down criminals. The Hound kills criminals using a procaine or morphine needle.
Unidentified woman A woman from an ancient area of the city. Montag learns from her martyrdom the power of civil disobedience and books.
Faber A retired English professor, an elderly man who is a underground scholar, even though he is ineffectual. Montag’s mentor and ally, he becomes his.
Granger A former writer who is unacknowledged as the leader of social outcasts, criminals, and others. He brings together the group to protect the books.
Stoneman, Black Montag are fellow firefighters who are conservatives and conformists. They form Montag’s trusted working friends together with Beatty.
Mrs. Phelps and Mrs. Bowles Milie’s friends, who don’t question the social system. Their husbands are sent to war. They view television characters as their family members and get agitated when Montag reads them.
Fred Clement and Dr. Simmons, Reverend Padover and Professor West in Youngstown Criminals and social outcasts who are led and guided by Granger. To ensure that the story is not forgotten, they choose and memorize a book.
- G. Kleel
Every generation has analyzed Farenheit 451 and reinterpreted it to change its meaning. The book is filled with assumptions and vague symbolism that can be taken in many different ways. Rarely does anyone leave the book with the conclusions the author intended. This would indicate that the attempt to change its meaning was a failure.
Even the title may be inaccurate. Current sources indicate that paper burns at 450° Celsius. Farenheit would mean more than 800°. Paper combustion is slow and dependent upon many factors. Bradbury was more interested a punchy message rather than in building a well-supported argument.
This book is not about book censorship. It is about TV’s ability to rot your brain. This is something Bradbury has repeated over and over, as this article cites Bradbury, and videos from Bradbury’s own website. In fact, he said that he was shocked that a woman could listen to a radio while walking her dogs. He assumes she is listening to soap operas or savoring classical music. It’s also a patronizing pose for a sci-fi writer.
The message of a cranky lawn-loving neighbor is the reason this book falls short of its intended satirical mark. It was also written over a period of several days, in one continuous, uninterrupted slurry. The publishers mercifully edited it, but it is now completely restored. Although it contains misconceptions and archetypes and an author surrogate the book can still be viewed as a milding view of authority, power and the willingness of people to deceive themselves.
Bradbury didn’t seem to realize that reading is a minority activity and that television could not kill it. Today, there are more books written, published, or read than ever before. They are mostly just filler. However, 90% of all mass-creative outputs, including books, movies and TV, is redundant, according to Sturgeon . This is nothing new: Cheap, trashy novels are a joke since the Victorian era.
Television is a medium that is different from books. It has its strengths and its weaknesses. Bradbury’s criticism of TV–that TV will become more pervasive and provide an escape for small minds- is just as valid of books. Who is culturally less aware of television’s potential to harm social interaction? The slackjawed boy who watches television or the boy who reads one uninspired piece of genre fiction after the other? As a child, I read many books and watched lots of television. Each medium offered something unique. Since reading and watching don’t have the same experience, neither one can replace the other.
It is a common belief that everyone can be intelligent and informed. Even though many people don’t consider college to be a viable or practical option, we send everyone to college. This elitism values degrees and is idolized by those less fortunate. Bradbury was not informed by the books he read. Bradbury could have read the same schlocky pop novels every day of his life and not be as boring as the vidscreen zombies that he detests.
I’ve managed to get through my life as an English major, book geek , and science-fiction nerd, without ever having read this book. It is something I vaguely recall picking up in high school. However, it didn’t get me very far. Although it was an intriguing idea, I found it far too sad for my taste at the time.
Fast forward 15 years. Just the other day, I bought a copy to register with BookCrossing for their Banned Books Month challenge. Banned Books Week is celebrated by the ALA in September. One BXer challenged us all to release wild books that were banned in this country at any time during the month. Fahrenheit451 is the right book. This irony is well known and appreciated by all. (Everyone is aware Fahrenheit451 refers to the evils associated with censorship and banning books. The temperature at which paper can burn is the title.
It was not my intention to read it. It was not my intention. It somehow seduced my heart into it. I looked at the first page, and it was already 1:00 AM. I was half-way through the book. It’s amazing! It’s no wonder that it is a modern classic. Montag’s journey through his inner emotions and morals from a character who burns books with gleeful and a smile on the face to someone who will risk his career and marriage and his home for books is compelling. This man was raised in a culture that values reading and devalues entertainments that kill the mind. He could find literature so important that he would die for it . That was something that spoke to me.
This raises the question: Why? It begs the question: What is it that makes books, poetry, and literature so important to us? It is essential. Why would that be? There are no hard-and-fast answers for all your questions. Although they may contain profound philosophical truths, it is subjectively true that there will always be someone who disagrees with what someone else has to say. Captain Beatty, the evil chief of fire, pointed out that no two books are identical. One book contradicts another. What is the secret to their attraction? Why was Mildred’s friend so moved when Montag read “Dover Beach” aloud? Where is the power of literature?
Books are essential to our lives and the health of our societies. But, I don’t think they answer all the questions. Good books, those that last for years, the ones that make you think differently about the world and the way you see it, are not easy to find. They are not easy. They’re not about the surface, they’re about the depth. They can be thought-provoking. These require complex thought. They are difficult to read. A book is only as satisfying as the effort you put into it.
They are not mass-produced. They are unique and singular. Each one is an island that provides refuge from an increasingly homogeneous cultural landscape.
Even though the ending was a bit bleak, Fahrenheit 451 was a book I enjoyed. It challenged me, made me think and stimulated my intellectually. It makes life more enjoyable and gives us all a little bit of intellectual stimulation from time to time.
Irony is something that few people appreciate as much as mine, and so I am sure you will understand my review. This book’s message is decent: Knowledge should not be censored. The rest of the book, however, is complete shit. Bradbury used a lot of metaphors and allusions to refer to one small detail in the plot, and I was actually screaming at times. It’s too flowery for anyone to understand! It is, in other words, an English teacher’s dream. The story was not about the story itself, but the message it conveyed. You know me well enough to understand why I hate classics. This is due to the fact that everyone respects them but doesn’t read them.
The Afterword and Coda just add to the confusion, making it difficult for me to determine if Bradbury is just a hypocrite or a hateful man. The novel’s main plot is that majority rule over intellectualism. Bradbury, however, blasts minorities (all races, religions, etc.). Bradbury is accused of creating a society that is too sensitive. His heroes are, oddly enough. Ha. The Coda is also a big “Fuck You” for anyone who wants to criticize his work in any way that is not positive. Ray Bradbury, I feel compelled to reply in my turn. Your writing style is ridiculous and I will not force it upon my worst enemy. It’s harsh, I know. But it is true. Cliff Notes is a good option if you really need to read the book.
|Add new Web site: Academia – Fahrenheit 451 Analysis.||Sep 26, 2018|
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Rahrenheit 451 pdf with page numbers: Related Topics
- War and Peace
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St. Petersburg, Russia: War and Peace. Petersburg in 1805. The fear of Napoleons war making continues to build. Most characters are introduced at a party. This includes Pierre Bezukhov Andrey Bulkonsky and members of the Kuragin and Rostov Families. The novel’s main focus is on the relationships among the Bezukhovs Bolkonskys as well as the Rostovs. Andrey Bolkonsky & Nikolay Rosstov meet at the Austrian frontier under General Kutuzov and engage in combat with Napoleon’s forces. Andrey gets hurt at the Battle of Austerlitz. thought to be dead, he then returns home with his wife Lise.
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- Moby Dick
- Moby Dick was a novel by Herman Melville. The book was first published in London, October 1851. The Whale appeared a month after in New York City, as Moby-Dick. It is dedicated Nathaniel Hawthorne. Moby Dick was generally considered Melville’s magnum opus, and one among the greatest American novels.
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To Kill a Mockingbird was set in Maycomb during the Great Depression. Jean Louise (“Scout”) Finch (“the protagonist), a smart, unconventional girl who grows up from six to nine years of age during the course and the novel. She is raised together with her brother, Jeremy Atticus (“Jem”) by their widowed father AtticusFinch. His father is a prominent attorney who encourages his children be kind and compassionate. He tells them it is “a sin” to kill a mockingbird. This refers to the fact these birds are innocent and unaffected.
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Hugo Hugo – novel
Les Miserables was a novel created by Victor Hugo. It was published in French, 1862. It was an immediate success and was quickly transliterated into many other languages.
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Tolkien wrote novel
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Basil Hallward begins the story in his art studio with Lord Henry Wotton, his wise and moral friend. Henry thinks the painting should be shown, as it is a portrait a beautiful young man. Basil disagrees because he fears his obsession over the portrait’s subject Dorian Gray might be visible in this work. Dorian finally arrives. Henry is fascinated and shares his conviction that one should be free to follow your own impulses. Henry also points to the fact that beauty and youth are fleeting. Dorian claims that he would trade his soul if he saw his portrait get old and wrinkled. Basil gives Dorian his painting.
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Dickens wrote the novel
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